The Gayal, also known as the Mithun, is a fascinating animal found in the forests of Southeast Asia. Known for its robust build and gentle nature, the Gayal is closely related to domestic cattle. This unique species plays a vital role in the culture and economy of local communities, especially in India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast or simply curious about exotic animals, learning about the Gayal can be an exciting journey into the wonders of nature. Explore more about the Gayal animal, its habitat, behavior, and significance in this comprehensive guide.

Gayal Animal: An Insightful Guide

Species: Bos frontalis


The Gayal (Bos frontalis) is a large bovine species related to domestic cattle. It belongs to the family Bovidae, which includes other ruminants like goats and sheep. The scientific name reflects its close relationship with the Gaur (Bos gaurus), another large wild cattle species found in Southeast Asia.
Gayal animal


Gayals are known for their robust and muscular build. Here are some key features:-

Size: Adult males can weigh up to 1,000 kilograms, while females are slightly smaller.
Coat: Their coat is usually dark brown or black, providing camouflage in their forested habitat.
 Horns: Both males and females have curved horns, which can grow quite large.
Behavior: Gayals are herbivores, feeding on grasses, leaves, and other vegetation. They are gentle and social animals, often forming small groups.

Distribution and Habitat:

Gayals are primarily found in the forests and hilly regions of Southeast Asia. Their range includes:-


Particularly in the northeastern states such as Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram.


Mainly in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Myanmar and China:

In forested and mountainous areas.

They thrive in dense forests with abundant vegetation and water sources, which provide their essential needs.

Gayal animal fact

In Culture

The Gayal holds a special place in the culture of many indigenous communities in its native regions:-


Considered a symbol of wealth and prosperity, Gayals are often given as dowries in weddings. They are also used in various traditional ceremonies and festivals.

Economic Importance:

Gayals provide milk and labor, playing a crucial role in the livelihood of local farmers.

National Research Centre on Mithun

The National Research Centre on Mithun (NRCM) in India is dedicated to the study and conservation of the Gayal. The NRCM focuses on:-

Research: Conducting scientific studies on Gayal biology, breeding, and health.

Conservation: Implementing programs to protect Gayals and their habitats.

Awareness: Educating local communities and the public about the importance of the Gayal.

The NRCM’s efforts are crucial in ensuring the survival and well-being of this unique species.


For more detailed information on the Gayal, you can refer to:

1. Scientific Journals: Studies published in journals on wildlife and conservation.

2. Books: Books on Southeast Asian wildlife and indigenous cultures.

3. Websites: Reliable sources like national wildlife organizations and conservation groups.

By exploring these resources, you can gain a deeper understanding of the Gayal animal and its significance.

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